Thursday, 15 September 2011

Nine (Nava) of Mine

The numerical nine has got its own metaphysical, astrological or mathematicl significance  associating with planets, jewels, sentiments, festivals,music compositions, type of devotions and so on.A deep collection of meanings for the number nine is given in is considered as a  good number in Chinese Culturebecause it sounds the same as the word "longlasting"  and is strongly associated with the Chinese dragon,  a symbol of magic and power, the  Japanese consider 9 to be unlucky because it sounds similar to the Japanese word for "pain" or "distress".   Burmese Buddhists believe nine wonders of Shwedagon Pagoda could grant one's wihses come true.  I have also seen after coming to Hyderabad that some businessmen or entrepreneurs prefer 9 or 999 to start with anything as it is believed to be lucky number for them; maybe it is a belief in numerology  or certain wonders of 9.

In sanskrit, nine is "Nav" or " Nava" and some of the terms prefixed with "Nava" like Navaratri, Navarasa, Navagrih in the context of music and dance are described in this blog which is a part of mine.

Navaratri, the Nine nights , is celebrated as an auspicious Hindu festival worshipping nine forms of Durga, the goddess of power when music and dance also become a part of celebration.  Garba, ras dance and musical concerts.  Nine Devi kritis, to be sung on each day of the Navaratri season at  the Navaratri Mantapam in the Fort Palace of the Maharaja of Travancore.  The article “TheNavratri Kritis of SwatiTirunal” by Dr. P. P. Narayanaswami given in the website , with more details and  audio clippings will help you listen and know  more about the Navratri festival and the Navratri Kritis.  Among Swati Tirunal's compositions, the famous navaraathri krithis are very popular which are composed for singing on each day of the nine day festival.

Naaraathri krithis  
  • Devi jagajanani – sankaraabaranam
  • Baarathi maamava – todi
  • Janani maamava – bairavi
  • Saroruhaasana – panthuvaraali
  • Janani paahi – suddha saaveri
  • Paahi janani – nattakurunchi
  • Paahi parvatha – aarabi.
Navaratna (nine gems) mala or jewellery which has become popular because of astrological or metaphysical or stylish looks contains nine different semi-precious gems which must be  high-born (top quality) and flawless.  The nine planets  of Jyotish or vedic astrology corresponding to these gems are: Ruby for Surya (Sun),Pearl for Chandra (Moon),Red Coral for Mangala (Mars),Emerald for Budha (Mercury),Yellow sapphire for Bhaspati (Jupiter),Diamond for Shukra (Venus),Blue sapphire for Shani (Saturn),Hessonite for Rahu (the ascending node of the Moon) Cat's Eye for Ketu (the descending node of the Moon),

Navaratna is also used as a terminology for Public Sector Enterprises status of which got elevated with greater autonomy to complete in the global market. Govt.of India first identified 9 PSEs which has now been increased to 16 or so.
Navaratna Malika -Syama Sastri composed the now famous "Navaratna Malika" or nine kritis in parise of Goddess Meenakshi. Syama Sastri's greatest contribution was the swarajathi. Syama Sastry composed most of his songs in Telugu and mostly in praise of Goddess Parvathi or Ambal.
There is also a musical collection of Prof.Omanakutty  (swathi 1 CD) which consisted the following kritis:
Nava-raga-malika - a beautiful composition in Carnatic music known the lesson as "varnam" using nine ragas as a best  exercise in learning swaras and raga chaayas  enabling singing kritis afterwards. Valachi Vacchi. ' Ragam: Talam: Adi. Composer: Patnam Subramania Iyer. Pallavi : Valachi vacchi yunna naapai, chalamu seya meraa saami ... Kedara, Shankarabharana, Kalyani, Begade, Kamboji, Yadukula Kamboji, Bilahari, Mohana and Shree. 
  • Bhavatheeya -   Bhairavi
  • Thavaka- Kedaragowlai
  • Sathatham - Neelambari
  • Pankajaksha- Thodi, Aradhayami-Bilahari
  • Vande deva - Begada
  • Paramapurusha - Ahiri Bhavathi
  • Mukhari and Deva deva-Nadhanamakriya 
Navaraga malika used in dance and known as Pada varnam portrays navaras [nine sentiments : Love [शृंगार] , Mirth (हास्य), Pity or Tender (करुण), Anger or Wrath (रौद्र ), Heroism or valour (वीर), Terror or Fear (भय), Astonishment or Surprise (अदऽभूत), Tranquility or Peace (शांत), Disgust (बीभत्स).
Angaiyar Kanni by Lalgudi Jayaraman is Navarasa Varnam in ragas Bilahari - portraying Ananda (Bliss) or Veera (Valour), Huseni - portraying Shringara (Love), Valaji - Adbhuta (Wonder), Saranga - Hasya (Humour), Sucharitra - Bibhasta (Disgust), Atana - Raudra (Anger), Rasikapriya - Bhayanaka (Fear), Sahana - Karunya (Pathos) and Nadanamakriya - Shantam (Peace).

K N Dandayuthapani Pillai navaraga malika composition of Samiyai Azhaitodi Vaa,  in ragas Todi, Mohanam, Vasanta, Devamanohari, Shankarabharanam, Saranga, Kaanada, Arabhi and Bhairavi, is  used for using raga mudras.

Navagrih / Navagrhas as believed in Hindus  which have nine influences on our lives are : the sun, the moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu.  As described in Hindu astrology,
the sun represents the soul, the heart, the father, authority, heat, power and ambition. The moon is the mind, mother, water, coolness, emotions, memory and common sense. Mars is courage, bravery, sports, competition, maleness, passion, action, war, cuts and burns. Mercury is intelligence, learning, teaching, speech, expression, communication and writing. Jupiter is fortune, expansion, wealth, children, religion, philosophy and wisdom. Venus is marriage, love, romance, luxuries, prosperity, femininity, artistic expression, grace, and beauty. Saturn is slowness, struggle, discipline, dryness, labor, asceticism, accidents, and chronic disease. Rahu is material desire, dullness, ignorance, laziness, sleep and addictions and ancestral karma. Ketu is asceticism, spirituality, psychic ability, ghosts, eccentricity and occultism. For more details see the section entitled, Hindu Astrology. The influene of the planets even in European usage can be found in the days of the week - sunday is governed by sun, monday  by moon, Tuesday by Mars (Martes in Spanish); Wednesday by Mercury (Miércoles); Thursday by Jupiter (Jueves, Jovian for Jupiter); Friday by Venus, (Viernes), and Saturday, of course, is governed by Saturn. Two others called Rahu and Ketu that are added later.
In Hindu temples along with the main deity, a navagrahas are also seen with an intention to performing pujas to  propitiate the nine influences or  to pacify / attract the nine planets and fulfill our wishes. However, while chanting most of the prayers are addressed to Indra and Agni (fire) who are both very powerful Vedic Gods and not to individual planets. There are navagraha stotras  to pacify the planets and protect the reciter from the evil effects of the planets.
Navagraha kritis of Muthuswami Dikshitar has a legend that Dikshitar made his disciple sing  for a week composition Brihaspate in the Raga Atana propitiating the planet Jupier which was not favourable as per the disciple's horoscope and which caused stomach ailment finding difficult to be cured. This incident became the reason for composing kritis on all Navagrahas,

Each song is a prayer to one of the nine Navagrahas ("planets" of Hindu mythology). The songs titles, raga (musical scale) and tala (rhythmic pattern) are listed below:
·         Suryamurthe Namosthuthe (on Sun or Surya, in Saurashtra Raga, Chaturasra Druva Tala)
·         Chandram Bhaja Manasa (on Moon or Chandra, in Asaveri Raga, Chaturasra Matya Tala)
·         Angarakam Ashrayamyaham (on Mars or Angaraka, in Surati Raga, Rupaka Tala)
·         Budham Ashrayami (on Mercury or Budha, in Nattakurunji Raga, Misra Jhampa Tala)
·         Brihaspathe Tarapathe (on Jupiter or Brihaspathi, in Atana Raga, Tisra Triputa Tala)
·         Sri Sukhra Bhagavantham (on Venus or Shukra, in Paraju Raga, Khanda Ata Tala)
·         Divakaratanujam Shanaishcharam (on Saturn or Shani, in Yadukulakamboji Raga, Chatusra Eka Tala)
·         Smaramyaham Sadarahum (on Rahu, in Ramapriya Raga, Rupaka Tala)
·         Mahasuram Ketumaham (on Ketu, in Shanmukhapriya Raga, Rupaka Tala)
The thala set for all the  seven kritis is in sooladhi thala. The last two (on Rahu and Ketu) are believed to have been composed by followers of Dikshitar, to complete the set of nine even though the signature used in the song is that of Dikshitar (guruguha).
Navabhakti :  9 ways of Bakthi  or devotion in the Vedas.
Sravanam-  Ramakatha Sudha Rasa Paanamu,- Sudha madhurya bhashana
Keerthanam- Yelaavathara (Mukari ragam); Intha saukhyamani (Kaapi ragam)
Smaranam- - Smarane sukamu (janaranjini)
Paada sevanam- Sri Rama Padama (Amrita vahini )
Archanam-  Utsava sampradaya keerthanam
Vandanam- paying obeisance to the lord- vandanamu (sahana)
Dasyam-- Kriti lekana (Asaaveri);  Pahirama (vasantha varaali);  Upchaaramu
Sakya-  Sakhudu,- Thyagarajunimitra
Atma nivedanam- - Nee chittamu naa bhagyamayya (vijaya vasantham)

Math wonders
The Beauty in Number 9
The number 9 is very interesting and suspect looking like an upside down 6.

the last number in a base 10 system
 1=0.999 999 999 999   2=1. 999 998 999 999   3=2.999 997 999 999   4=3.999 996 999 999  5=4.999 995 999 999
 6=5.999 994 999 999   7=6.999 993 999 999    8=7.999 992 999 999   9=8.999 991 999 999 10 = 9.999 990

Again, the number 9, which owes some of its unique properties to the fact that it is 1 less than the base 10, presents some nice peculiarities. 9x9 = 81 99x 99 = 9801 999x999 = 998001 9999x 9999 = 99980 001 99999 x99 999 = 9 999 800 001  999 999x 999 999 = 999 998 000 001 9999 999x 9 999 999 = 99 999 980 000 001
While playing with the number 9, you might ask your students to find an eight-digit number in which no digit is repeated and which when multiplied by 9 yields a nine-digit number in which no digit is repeated. Here are a few correct choices: 81 274 365x 9 = 731 469 285   72 645 831x 9 = 653 812 479  58132 764x9 = 523 194 876
76 125 483x 9 = 685 129 347

123456789 x 9 gives 9 times the digit 1 in the answer (1111111101). Take a look at the next calculations: 9's and 11's are always near each other! Just as 9 and 6 which are upside down to form a vortex shape of geometric congruency. If you divide: 100/9 = 11.1111111111. and 100/11 you get 9.090909090909. 1111x1111= 1234321 mapped out on a graph forms a pyramid.
0 x 9 + 1 = 1
1 x 9 + 2 = 11
12 x 9 + 3 = 111
123 x 9 + 4 = 1111
1234 x 9 + 5 = 11111
12345 x 9 + 6 = 111111
123456 x 9 + 7 = 1111111
1234567 x 9 + 8 = 11111111
12345678 x 9 + 9 = 111111111
123456789 x 9 + 10 = 1111111111

By clicking here , 
you can see the secret knowlege of the Number Nine in very detail.


  1. Hi, thankyou a great article. Numbers are rich with meaning. You have linked to my page:
    but it looks like there is a small typo as the whole next paragraph becomes highlighted instead of just the link. Could you fix this please as the link is not currently working.